Two recent studies find traces of Asian lineage among certain Croat populations
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Lohengrin
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Two recent studies find traces of Asian lineage among certain Croat populations
Quote:ANTHROPOLOGIC AND MITOCHONDRIAL DNA ANALYSIS OF A MEDIEVAL GRAVEYARD FROM SOPOT (CROATIA)
Anthropologic and DNA analysis of human remains recovered from a graveyard in opot near Benkovac (Croatia) dating to the 14th/15th century was conducted in order to reconstruct the origin and life conditions of the people populating the region at that time. The dynamics of the population represented in this graveyard are important for understanding Croatian history because the deceased individuals were buried according to pagan ritual which was uncommon in a post Christianization period. Human remains from a total of 31 graves were analyzed, in which 47 individuals were found (9 female, 23 male and 15 children). Average age at death for adults was lower than expected (for female 28.9, male 32.4 years), suggesting that the living conditions of these individuals were poor. In addition, 10 antemortem traumas were visible on 6 adults, which is a higher rate than expected, and indicates potential violence within the population group. Finally, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis was performed on hypervariable regions one and two for 46 of the individuals. Due to the age and condition of the remains, only 19 of the samples yielded full sequence profiles. Haplogroup analysis was performed for these 19 individuals, with the majority of the results falling within the most common groups in present-day Croatia. However, examination of the lesscommon haplogroups suggested a possible migration of individuals from Asia. Collectively, the physical and molecular results from this study provide evidence to suggest that individuals recovered from this gravesite are not from the current indigenous population.

Quote:AN ASIAN TRACE IN THE GENETIC HERITAGE OF THE EASTERN ADRIATIC ISLAND OF HVAR
The Island of Hvar is situated in the central eastern Adriatic, and its relatively small rural population has been reproductively isolated thought history. Therefore, founder effects, genetic drift and inbreeding have had significant role in the shaping of current genetic diversity of Hvar Islanders. We analyzed Y-chromosome SNP markers of 412 Hvar islanders in high resolution, with the aim to investigate the current paternal genetic diversity. We found a relatively high frequency (6.1%) of unrelated male samples belonging to the Q*-M424 haplogroup, which is unusual for European populations. Interestingly, a previous study showed 9 individuals from Hvar with mitochondrial haplogroup F, which is almost absent in Europe. Both findings could indicate a certain connection with Asian populations, where these haplogroups are most common. This might be a result of several migratory events in the history, one of which could be linked to the ancient Silk Road, the other a consequence of the arrival of the Slavs, following the Avars, to the eastern Adriatic in the 6th century or due to the expansion of the Ottoman Empire in 16th to 18th century. The presence of these rare mitochondrial and Y-chromosome lineages are an example of founder effect and random genetic drift which, in this small island with a high degree of isolation and endogamy, had a strong impact on shaping the genetic diversity of the population.

Y-DNA Haplogroup Q-M424
[Image: 800px-Haplogroup_Q_%28Y-DNA%29.PNG]

MTDNA Haplogroup F
[Image: migration_map_wfn(1).gif]

http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2013/09/isa...racts.html

"It does not take a majority to prevail, but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men." - Samuel Adams
2013 Sep 05 10:47
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Dussander (07-09-2013), Eldritch (05-09-2013), Osweo (05-09-2013)
Dussander
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RE: Two recent studies find traces of Asian lineage among certain Croat populations
Constantine VII stated in his work De Administrando Imperio that after the Avars were defeated, some of them were allowed to remain in Croatia and that "it can be seen on them that they are Avars". But it would be really unusual if they managed to preserve their identity roughly 700 years after they were beaten. dunno

We must dissent.

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2013 Sep 07 19:31
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Lohengrin (16-09-2013)
Osweo
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RE: Two recent studies find traces of Asian lineage among certain Croat populations
Y chrom Q is just one of those haplogroups that's all over the place, very rare, but very old. It's futile to link it with any historic migrations, most likely. Mito F is a bit odd, though. Get back to Dzhungarija, Hunnish devils! ;)

"And now if a whole nation fell into that? In such a case, I answer, infallibly they will return out of it. For life is no cunningly-devised deception or self deception, it is a great truth that thou art alive, that thou hast desires, necessities: neither can these subsist and satisfy themselves on delusions, but on fact. To fact, depend on it, we shall come back: to such fact, blessed or cursed, as we have wisdom for."
Thomas Carlyle
2013 Sep 07 19:47
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