Kong Ming, the greatest Chinese military strategist
Author Message
Blackthorne
Offline
Member



England

Posts: 2.550
Joined: May 2012
Reputation: 342
Post: #1
Kong Ming, the greatest Chinese military strategist
[Image: mong-king-640_s640x427.jpg?73b8e21685896...253919b​641]

If you ask a Chinese who is the greatest military strategist in history, he likely would name Kong Ming (181–234 AD), above Sun Tzu, the author of The Art of War.

Kong Ming, also known as Zhuge Liang, was a military genius, statesman, administrator, accomplished scholar, inventor, astrologer and meteorologist. Many Chinese considered him as the smartest person in history, but he was most respected for his intense loyalty to his king.

Kong Ming was the ideal Chinese hero. Liu Bei, a refugee nobleman, made three pious personal visits to Kong Ming to seek his assistance, and Kong Ming repaid Liu Bei’s trust with 28 years of loyal service. With Kong Ming as his side, Liu Bei rose from an insignificant warlord to become a king.
At the Battle of Red Cliff on the Yangtze River, circa 208 AD, Kong Ming masterminded the strategy that persuaded the Wu kingdom to join in the fight against the invading warlord, Chao Chao. In the ensuing battle, the alliance of mere 30,000 men decimated an army of 800,000. The prestige and the territory gained from that battle enabled Liu Bei to establish his Su kingdom.

Kong Ming was an ingenious innovator. He invented mechanical horses and oxen to transport military supplies to the front line. Unfortunately, no records or blue prints of the devices survived his passing. He was also the inventor of the Kong Ming Lantern, known in the West as the Chinese lantern. Kong Ming developed it to carry messages to summon reinforcements for his army. He also modified the ancient crossbow into a multiple firing ballista system to bolster the fighting strength of his small army.

In 225 AD, Kong Ming led his army against a regional rebellion. Kong Ming, captured and released Meng Huo, the leader of the rebel forces seven times before Meng Huo surrendered of his own free will, and swore never to trouble Liu Bei’s Su kingdom again. After the surrender, Kong Ming withdrew his army and left Meng Huo’s people to choose their own leaders and govern themselves. The strategy allowed the Su kingdom to rule Meng Huo’s territory in peace without any further expenditure of men or resources, while collecting the benefits of a ruling nation.

Kong Ming’s expedition against Meng Huo is comparable to General Crook’s pursuit of Geronimo. In Kong Ming’s case, he left Meng Huo as an obedient vassal of the kingdom; while Geronimo spent most of his post war years as a prisoner.

The most recounted folklore among Chinese people was Kong Ming’s Empty City Strategy. Kong Ming was renowned for his stratagem. Circa 227 AD, Ma Su, a general under Kong Ming’s command lost a crucial battle, which left Kong Ming vulnerable at Xi Cheng with 2,500 men against an enemy force of 150,000 led by Shi Ma Yi.

Kong Ming ordered soldiers, disguised as civilians, to water and sweep the grounds around the four city gates. He removed all banners and hid his troop from sight then waited for the enemy to arrive. Shi Ma Yi’s vanguards found the city undefended with all four gates wide open. They halted and reported the information to their superiors. Shi Ma Yi arrived at the city gate and saw Kong Ming seated atop the battlement flanked by two page boys as he played a ghen.

Shi Ma Yi knew Kong Ming as a brilliant strategist not given to rash and risky ventures. The open city gates appeared to be an invitation to attack thus must be a baited trap. Shi Ma Yi withdrew his army thus allowed Kong Ming and his men to escape. Henceforth, the phrase Empty City Strategy became synonymous with the word “bluff.”

http://communities.washingtontimes.com/n...trategist/
2013 Oct 09 05:42
Like PostLIKE REPLY
The following 1 user Likes Blackthorne's post:
Aptrgangr (12-10-2013)
Blackthorne
Offline
Member



England

Posts: 2.550
Joined: May 2012
Reputation: 342
Post: #2
RE: Kong Ming, the greatest Chinese military strategist
Zhuge Kongming's life is romanticized by the Chinese- he is one of the main characters in the indigenous Chinese story Romance of Three Kingdoms (a good tale by itself), which tells of the downfall of the Han Empire (the eastern contemporary of the Roman Empire) and its division into three rival kingdoms (Wu, Wei, Shu).

Kongming was, in fact, a scholar, Daoist sage, etc. who wrote a commentary on Sun Tzu's Art of War, a copy of which I own.
2013 Oct 09 05:48
Like PostLIKE REPLY
Phlegethon
Offline
Factionist of the forlorn



Deutschland

Posts: 5.283
Joined: Jun 2012
Reputation: 641
Post: #3
RE: Kong Ming, the greatest Chinese military strategist
King Kong, world's biggest anti-aircraft strategist:

[Image: king_kong_2.jpg]


Not in haunts of marble chill,
Temples drear where ancients trod,—
Nay, in oaks on woody hill
Lives and moves the German God.

2013 Oct 09 18:54
Like PostLIKE REPLY


Forum Jump:


User(s) browsing this thread: 1 Guest(s)