Western Europe, State Formation, and Genetic Pacification
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Western Europe, State Formation, and Genetic Pacification
Building on this work, here is a more recent study which takes a longer time period view:

Quote:Western Europe, State Formation, and Genetic Pacification

Peter Frost, c/o Bernard Saladin d’Anglure, Department of Anthropology, Université Laval, Quebec City,
Canada. Email: peter_frost61z@globetrotter.qc.ca (Corresponding author).
Henry C. Harpending, Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Abstract: Through its monopoly on violence, the State tends to pacify social relations. Such pacification proceeded slowly in Western Europe between the 5th and 11th centuries, being hindered by the rudimentary nature of law enforcement, the belief in a man’s right to settle personal disputes as he saw fit, and the Church’s opposition to the death penalty.
These hindrances began to dissolve in the 11th century with a consensus by Church and State that the wicked should be punished so that the good may live in peace. Courts imposed the death penalty more and more often and, by the late Middle Ages, were condemning to death between 0.5 and 1.0% of all men of each generation, with perhaps just as many offenders dying at the scene of the crime or in prison while awaiting trial.
Meanwhile, the homicide rate plummeted from the 14th century to the 20th. The pool of violent men dried up until most murders occurred under conditions of jealousy, intoxication, or extreme stress. The decline in personal violence is usually attributed to harsher punishment and the longer-term effects of cultural conditioning. It may also be, however, that this new cultural environment selected against propensities for violence.

Keywords: aggression, gene-culture co-evolution, pacification, state formation, violence,Western Europe

Fuller report here.

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2015 Mar 10 23:18
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