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Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
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Mustapaita
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Tulkoon sota ja veriset vaatteet



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Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
[Image: 63c9530e2a.png]

Quote:A tunnel to Tallinn? Helsinki believes it's feasible


[Image: tunneli_pikajuna_helsinki_tallinna.jpg]

A tunnel connecting Helsinki with Tallinn would transport upwards of 11 million people a year, say preliminary figures. The City of Helsinki believes that the tunnel, which would cost 13 billion euros to build, would therefore be a profitable investment. The estimated ticket price would be 36 euros one way.

A cooperation agreement was signed on Tuesday to develop traffic alternatives between Helsinki, Finland and Tallinn, Estonia. At present, a wide selection of boats runs the route between the two cities across the Gulf of Finland. The trip normally takes two hours, from April to November just one hour and forty minutes. If a tunnel was built under the gulf, a rail connection would connect the cities in just a half hour.

City planners have dreamt of an undersea tunnel between Helsinki and Tallinn for years. Now, a preliminary feasibility study has established that the tunnel’s construction is an option that should be explored thoroughly.

The estimated cost of the tunnel, along with all of its train and traffic equipment, would be between 9 and 13 billion euros in all. According to the feasibility study commissioned by Helsinki, Tallinn and the northern county of Harju in Estonia, the expenses could be covered if the project were to secure at least 40 percent of its funding from the European Union.

Tiina Haapasalo, chief policy adviser on transport and infrastructure at the Confederation of Finnish Industries, EK, says 40 percent EU funding is a pretty meagre amount, especially if the Rail Baltica project intended to link Finland, the Baltic States and Poland has received up to 85 percent of its funding from the EU.

“Although there is still too little information about the project to calculate the risk, I think it would be tough if we still had to come up with over five billion euros ourselves. It would feel a lot safer if the EU’s share would account for well over half the cost,” she says.

Minister of Transport and Communications Anne Berner and Helsinki’s deputy mayor Pekka Sauri represented Finland at Tuesday’s signing of the cooperative agreement.
Unanticipated costs already accounted for

The preliminary feasibility report says that the 80-kilometre train track connecting the Pasila station in Helsinki with the Ülemiste station in Tallinn would entail three main expense categories.

“The tunnel excavation would require about 3 billion euros, and the technical and safety systems would swallow another 2-3 billion. The trains and other equipment would cost just over one billion euros, and another 1-3 billion has been reserved for anything unexpected that comes along,” says Ulla Tapaninen, a logistics and supply chain expert for the City of Helsinki.

Tapaninen says the next logical step is to conduct a risk analysis of the tunnel project. Helsinki and Tallinn have already applied for EU funding for the analysis, along with the Finnish Transport Agency, the Uusimaa regional council, the Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications and Harju County in Estonia.
A gigantic boring machine

If a tunnel was to be built under the Gulf of Finland to connect Helsinki and Tallinn, it would be excavated with a tunnel boring machine (TBM), also known as a “mole”.

Tunnel boring machines are used as an alternative to drilling and blasting methods, excavating rock using disc cutters mounted in the cutter head. The disc cutters create compressive stress fractures in the rock, causing it to chip away from the rock in front of the machine. The excavated rock is transferred through openings in the cutter head to a belt conveyor for removal from the tunnel. This is the method that was used to build the Channel Tunnel connecting England and France, and to build railway tunnels in the Alps.

The train track connecting Helsinki and Tallinn would be 1,435 millimetres wide, the European standard, instead of the 1,524 millimetres in use in Finland. This is because the rail would eventually link with the Rail Baltica track, which would continue on to Poland and Central Europe.

It is important that the track is congruent with the system in use in Europe if the project is to receive EU money.
Home every night

Over 8 million passengers travel between Helsinki and Tallinn each year. It is estimated that some 60,000 Estonians work in Finland, most of whom travel home every weekend.

Much of the tunnel’s economic success will be founded on this work-based travel.

“We worked from the premise that weekly traffic would turn into daily traffic if the trip was shortened to only a half hour. This would mean that 11 million workers would be travelling back and forth between Helsinki and Tallinn each year, or about 25,000 people a day,” says Helsinki’s logistics consultant Tapaninen.

The preliminary feasibility study placed the price of a one-way ticket at 36 euros.

In addition to workers, the trains would naturally also transport cargo, even if most of the freight would continue to be carried by ships. Similarly, the majority of tourists are expected to continue travelling across the gulf via ship.

If the tunnel is unveiled for use sometime in the 2030s, existing shipping companies could even take over the railway operations.

“Danish, Dutch, German and Swedish shipping companies already work alongside the Finnish companies in Finland, and some of them are quite big. It is entirely possible that they could expand their operations into the railway tunnel’s logistics or maintenance,” says EK’s Haapasalo.

YLE

In the opinion of this Finn the tunnel's benefits are dubious. We already have a very functional ferry connection and I'm afraid what the environmental impact of such an undertaking would be on my precious Baltic Sea.

"Devil, I am devil." ― Pekka Siitoin
2016 Jan 18 21:38
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Eldritch
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Your friends like this.



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RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
Quote:If the tunnel is unveiled for use sometime in the 2030s ...

Why on earth would Estonia willingly connect to a third world hellhole via a tunnel?

I like to look at the human self-model as a neurocomputational weapon, a certain data structure that the brain can activate from time to time.

Thomas Metzinger
2016 Jan 18 22:00
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Mustapaita
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Post: #3
RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
Because wages in HKI will still be higher? Probably.

"Devil, I am devil." ― Pekka Siitoin
2016 Jan 18 22:06
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Temnozor
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Kornilov did nothing wrong
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Post: #4
RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
Sounds pretty cool and who doesn't love complex infrastructure?

"Whoever says that he "belongs to his time" is only saying that he agrees with the largest number of fools at that moment." - Nicolás Gómez Dávila

[Image: ecc9v9ru.jpg]
2016 Jan 18 22:16
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Mustapaita
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Post: #5
RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
Three possible alternatives:

[Image: tunnel.jpg]

"Devil, I am devil." ― Pekka Siitoin
2016 Jan 19 09:38
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Surtr Kvlt
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Wulfes-heafod



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Post: #6
RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
Have Chunnel, don't do it.

totalitARYAN
2016 Jan 19 10:35
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Mustapaita
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Post: #7
RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
But this tunnel would (inshallah) bring to fruition the prophecy of the two "fatherlands" united by a bridge as envisioned by Lydia Koidula. Instant Greater Finland, probably a second coming of Väinämöinen, too.

Silla otsa ühendatud,
Kandes ühte isamaad,
Tõe templiks pühendatud...
Nägu — millal tõeks saad?!


The bridge unites,
Brings together fatherlands,
Sanctified as a temple of truth...
Vision - when will you come true?!

"Devil, I am devil." ― Pekka Siitoin
2016 Jan 19 11:03
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Surtr Kvlt
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Wulfes-heafod



England

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Post: #8
RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
Start to build the Great Wall of Greater Finland first. thumbs up

totalitARYAN
2016 Jan 19 11:20
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Phlegethon
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Post: #9
RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
It's worth the investment if you flood it at the right moment.


Not in haunts of marble chill,
Temples drear where ancients trod,—
Nay, in oaks on woody hill
Lives and moves the German God.

2016 Jan 19 11:21
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Kat
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Post: #10
RE: Tallsinki! - Build Tunnel?
I'm not sure about this. Will the overall impact on the environment be detrimental?
2016 Jan 20 22:01
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